The Political Science Department of ESUT was established in 1991 following the splitting of the old Anambra State University of Science and Technology and Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The department was first located at Adada campus and later relocated to Enugu in 1995 under the headship of then Dr. D.O Okanya, now Prof. The movement to Enugu afforded the department the opportunity to fully settle down as more offices and classrooms were provided for staff and students.
Between 1998 and 2000, Drs. R.O Oji and F.C Asogwa were Heads of Department and between 2001 and 2006, Mr. Nicodemus Abonyi presided over the affairs of the department which he handed over to Dr. Sam Ugwu, now a Professor who was succeeded in 2007 by Dr. Mrs Okafor, whose tenure lasted till 2011 when the then Dr. F.C Asogwa, now a Professor took over and presided over the affairs of the department till 2012 when he handed over to then Dr. Sam Ugwu, now a Professor. Prof. Ugwu on his own, handed over the baton to Dr. R.A Onuigbo who headed the department till 2015 when then Dr. Jide Chime, now Professor took over and presided till 2020 when he handed over to then Dr. Ifeanyi Odoziobodo, now a Professor and current head of department.
In 2008, the Enugu State University of Science and Technology moved from Enugu to it's permanent .site in Ebeano city, Agbani with more facilities at its disposal. The department of Political Science was among the departments that moved to Ebeano City and today, the department is not only enjoying more space but more lecturers. Currently, the department parades 5 professors, one Associate Professor, 4 senior lecturers, 2 lecturer 1 and 2 Assistant Lecturers.
The department has also produced graduates who have excelled and distinguished themselves in various fields of human endeavour.